This post is one in a series written by leaders who are presenting sessions at the 2015 BoardSource Leadership Forum taking place on November 9 & 10 in New Orleans. We hope you can join us.
Like millions around the world, I was saddened last summer by the sudden passing of Robin Williams, a true original, and remembered with fondness his moving words, “No matter what people tell you, words and ideas can change the world.” At my company, Social Impact Architects, we strive to understand and help define the transformative process that must occur to change the world in which nonprofits operate — the social sector.
Transformative social change is actually the new standard for the social sector, and impact is the new bottom line. But what does this mean and how do we get there? My office colleagues and I love tackling these kinds of questions. Transformative social change always starts with a problem needing to be solved. The social sector’s responsibility is to take that problem, transform it into an idea and then an impactful solution, which can be scaled to create change. But, how can we get better at creating this “social alchemy”? Here are some of our initial thoughts on the process for turning a problem into social gold.
INNOVATE: In the first stage, we are scientists, uncovering the problem and developing hypotheses. Rather than jumping to a solution, we believe “design thinking” is a more effective approach. Design thinking combines empathy for the problem, creativity for solutions, and rationality for the best fit. In his TEDTalk, Tim Brown, CEO of IDEO, one of the leading companies in design thinking, posits that design thinking can and should be used to tackle new and bigger problems, such as global warming, healthcare, education, etc. To innovate, we must first understand the problem from all the angles, including why it exists and why it persists. We cannot jump to the idea until all the research is done and we have brainstormed all the possible ideas.
IMPROVE: In the second stage, we are engineers, measuring and testing the idea for its impact. If the idea has merit, it will move through a virtuous cycle of continuous improvement — BUILD -> MEASURE -> LEARN — until impact has been proven through extensive evaluation. If the idea is problematic, it may need to go back to the INNOVATE stage to be redeveloped. This is not seen as failure, but instead as a rapid prototyping process where ideas are tested quickly and are allowed to fail early and cheaply. In the social sector, we also call this stage the “Lean Start-Up,” which can be a valuable way to design a program where impact has already been proven and can be customized for a local context.
IMPACT AND SCALE: In the third and fourth stages, we have proven impact and now need to take the idea to scale. We are franchise owners, focused on replicating THE idea in a number of different environments. In the social sector, THE idea — often a program or organization — has many layers and the element(s) that are most impactful are difficult to unravel. The first step is to develop a list of elements that are core to the impactful idea and those that are non-essential to impact, and test their success separately.
As we continue to think about social alchemy, more questions surface for the social sector as a whole. For example, we love to innovate, but how good are we at taking it to impact and scale? We need to scale, but are we starting with well-designed ideas? What processes and supports need to be in place to assist with this transformation? Here is some food for thought on the topic by one of my favorite authors, Paulo Coelho, who wrote in The Alchemist: “This is why alchemy exists,” the boy said. “So that everyone will search for his treasure, find it, and then want to be better than he was in his former life … That’s what alchemists do. They show that, when we strive to become better than we are, everything around us becomes better too.”
I’d love your thoughts on social alchemy and how to transform problems into ideas and turn ideas into social gold. Please consider joining me at the BLF session “Charity is OUT, Social Entrepreneurship is IN.”